Intermediate Japanese Grammar Guide Part II

Welcome to our Intermediate Japanese Grammar Guide Series Part II! Believe that you have read Part I. Here are the grammar points that we will be learning today:
N + からすると

Grammar point 1: N+らしい/っぽい/みたい

Japanese intermediate grammar N+らしい/っぽい/みたい
To convey the meaning of an object or person looking like something or being similar to something in Japanese, we can use Noun + らしい,っぽい or みたい. each of these words is slightly different from one another in terms of their usage and meaning.
N + らしい
らしい is used when all characteristics of the subject are fulfilled and it is just how it supposed to be.
For example:
It is such a Japanese habit to always separate rubbish for recycling.
Ms. Tanaka always wear nice clothes, such a feminine lady
N + っぽい
N + っぽい is used in situations where the subject is similar or close to something which it is not supposed to be. It sometimes conveys a negative feeling of inappropriateness
That boy’s hair is long, which makes him looks like a girl.
Mr. Yoshida is always stubborn just like a kid
N + みたい
Similar to っぽい、みたい is used to describe has a neutral nuance, the description can usually be appropriate or inappropriate
This cat cries like a baby.
Today is cool like in Autumn although it is summer now.

Grammar Point 2: ~というより/といっても

Japanese Intermediate Grammar ~というより/といっても
というより means “rather than”, it is used when correcting something said previously to a more suitable description.
How to use:
verb short form: というより
noun + というより
Adjective + というより
Mr. Tanaka feels like a friend rather than a teacher.
Rather than studying, I am just anyhow reading the textbook.


Another similar expression, ~といっても is used to lower the level of something previously said. It means “That said”, “having said”.
I can understand Japanese, that said, I can only read Hiragana and Katakana.
Having said that this suit is expensive, I can buy it with just a week’s salary.

Grammar Point 3:わりに/なんか

Japanese Intermediate Grammar わりに/なんか
わりに is used to express the unexpected result of the previous expression. The result can either be positive or negative.
How to use:
verb short form: わりに
noun + の+わりに
Adjective + わりに/なわりに
Although the cake is cheap, it is delicious
I was losing weight yet I got fatter
one of the ways なんて is used is expressing the unexpected occurrence of something.
i have never expected myself to win a lottery?
I have never expected Takahashi to solve that question
How to Use:
Verb short form +なんて
Adj + なんて
Noun + なんて

N + からすると

Japanese Intermediate Grammar N + からすると
~からすると is used when judging something from another person’s view.
For example,
1000 yen is a considerable amount of money to a pupil.
Although I am very confident in Maths, it is not there yet judging from my teacher.
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Basic Grammar Guide Series:
Basic Japanese Grammar Guide Part I
Basic Japanese Grammar Guide Part II
Basic Japanese Grammar Guide Part III
Basic Japanese Grammar Guide Part IV
Intermediate Grammar Guide Series
Intermediate Grammar Guide Part I

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