U-verb ー Verb Conjugation List with illustrations Part 1

Posted by on November 22, 2019 – Japanese Study

In Japanese, what are U-verbs? Are they the same as Ru-verbs?

In this blog, we will be talking about the difference between Japanese U and Ru verbs.  As well as their different forms.

We will be releasing more similar articles over the coming weeks! So keep your eyes peeled on this blog.

What do you know about verb conjugation? In the Japanese language – you must “conjugate” a verb into a tense to convey the meaning of your sentence.

But before we can conjugate a verb, we would need to differentiate 「る」and 「う」verbs because both have different conjugation rules! We would be talking about 2 special cases in another series!

For example, let’s use the verb “swim”. The verb can be conjugated into the present, past, and future tenses. so it would turn out to be:

  • Swim
  • Swam
  • Will swim

The verbs are conjugated to Present(ます), Present Affirmative(Dictionary form), Present Negative(ない form)and Past Affirmative(た form).

て form, itself, is used to combine verb sentences together. There is no past tense for て form, but the tense of the sentence is determined by the tense of the last verb of the sentence.

Now that you have understood the meaning of “conjugate”, let’s take a look at more verb illustration with sentence examples!

U-verbs conjugation list, image, photo, picture, illustration, Meet

Meet・会います

Verb 1: Meet

きのう、ともだちにあった
Kinou, tomodachi ni atta.
Yesterday, I met my friend.

U-verbs conjugation list, image, photo, picture, illustration, Keep a luggage

Keep (a luggage)・預かります

Verb 2: Keep (a luggage)

 

ともだちのにもつをあずかります。
Tomodachi no nimotsu o azukarimasu.
I keep my friend’s luggage.

U-verbs conjugation list, image, photo, picture, illustration, Rain

Rain・雨が降ります

Verb 3: Rain

 

あしたはあめがふらない
ashita wa ame ga furanai.
It would not rain tomorrow.

U-verbs conjugation list, image, photo, picture, illustration, Walk

Walk・歩きます

Verb 4: Walk

 

さっき、こうえんまであるきました
sakki, kouen made arukimashita.
I walked to the park just now.

U-verbs conjugation list, image, photo, picture, illustration, Go

Go・行きます

Verb 5: Go

 

ことしはシンガポールにいって、そしてバリ島にいった
kotoshi wa singapo-ru ni itte, soshite baritou ni itta.
This year I went to Singapore, after which, I went to Bali.

U-verbs conjugation list, image, photo, picture, illustration, Hurry

Hurry・急ぎます

Verb 6: Hurry

 

いこうとはがっこうにおくれていたから、いそいだ
Imouto wa gakkou ni okureteita kara, isoida.
Because my younger sister was late for school, she was in a hurry.

U-verbs conjugation list, image, photo, picture, illustration, Think, Guess, Suppose

Think/Guess/Suppose・思います

Verb 7: Think/Guess/Suppose

 

このえいがはおもしろいとおもいます
kono eiga wa omoshiroi to omoimasu.
I think this movie is funny/interesting.

U-verbs conjugation list, image, photo, picture, illustration, Buy

Buy・買います

Verb 8: Buy

 

このドレスをかった
kono doresu o katta.
I bought this dress.

U-verbs conjugation list, image, photo, picture, illustration, Return things

Return (things)・返します

Verb 9: Return (things)

 

きのう、やまださんはホッチキスをかえした
kinou, yamada-san wa hocchikisu o kaeshita.
Yesterday, Yamada-san returned the stapler.

U-verbs conjugation list, image, photo, picture, illustration, Return home, Go home

Return/Go Home・帰ります

Verb 10: Return/Go Home

 

きょうはともだちのうちにとまるから、うちにかえれられない
kyou wa tomodachi no uchi ni tomaru kara, uchi ni kaererarenai.
Because I will stay at my friend’s place, I won’t go home.

U-verbs conjugation list, image, photo, picture, illustration, It takes (time)/Cost

It takes (time)/Cost・かかります

Verb 11: It takes (time)/Cost

 

けっかをみるには、じかんがかかります
kekka o miru niwa, jikan ga kakarimasu.
To see results, it takes time.

U-verbs conjugation list, image, photo, picture, illustration, Write, Draw

Write/Draw・かきます

Verb 12: Write/Draw

 

はこねのけしきをかいた
hakone no keshiki o kaita.
I drew Hakone’s scenery.

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Keen on learning more about Japanese verbs? Click on the blog article for more information!

How to conjugate Te-Form in Japanese – Handy Illustrated Guide to Japanese Verbs

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