Omitting Particles in Japanese – When can you skip Wa, O, Ga, E in Japanese?

Omitting particles in casual spoken Japanese is very common.  But when can you do this – and how should you do it?
In this short blog we will show you which particles can be skipped and which must remain.

Japanese Particles can be omitted only in conversational sentences, not in written language.

The first rule about Japanese particles is that omitting them can only occur in spoken Japanese. So when you are writing Japanese – remember to include them!

Japanese sentence patterns determine some relationships between words

As the heading above implies, the basic Japanese sentence pattern has an order which informs the relationship between certain words.

The basic sentence pattern in Japanese has the word order ” is is to V. ” (Subject is object is / to verb) , and its role can be understood by the position of the word even without particles. So, in a basic japanese sentence「は」and「を/が」 can be omitted.
Let’s look at a more detailed chart below that explains some of the common examples of omitted particles in Japanese Grammar.


Sentence / Particle

Can it be omitted? 

(Subject) ・お誕生日(は)いつ?
When is your birthday?


Is Yamada san there(here)??



(Target or purpose)


(Subject of movement or a state)

Do you know where fresh fish are sold?


Do you eat Cake?

I think I would like to have a cat.

(You have gotten taller)



Because the weather is nice – let’s go to the ocean.

今から、飲み(に)行かない?Why don’t we go out(drinking) now?


Look at this scar, a catch has scratched me.

I injured my child inadvertently (by accident).


I’m going to eat with my friends in Ginza at 7, so I should leave home at 6 o’clock.
(Possesive) ・それ、私の時計。
That’s my watch.・
I’m a teacher for the school.
(Means, deadline, cause, etc.) ・これ、1週間でできる?
Can you do this in 1 week?・
What if you cut it with scissors?
(Parallels・addition) ・紙とペン(は)ある?
Do you have paper and a pen?
(Other) ・サッカーより野球のほうが好き。
I like baseball more than soccer.
Eh, I should do it?・
That restaurant that Tanaka-san went to the other day was on TV last night.
(Other) ・姉は背(が)高いんだけど、私は低いの。
My sister is really tall, but I’m short.・
I still haven’t been to Shikoku yet.

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