Obon: A Japanese Tradition Honoring The Ancestors’ Spirits
The bonodori is a spiritual dance to welcome the spirits. Every region has a local dance and a different music.
Have you heard about the 500 years old Japanese tradition called obon? Very similar to Western Halloween, this holiday is called the Festival of the Dead and is one of the most important Japanese Buddhist customs.
The Japanese believe the spirits of the dead come back to visit the living and need to be honored. Obon usually takes place between August 13th – 15th, although the starting date depends on the region.
The First and Last Days of Obon
On the first day of Obon, Japanese families will usually clean their houses and prepare food offerings for their past relatives, called ozen (お膳). The main offerings are fruit, rice, green tea, sake and some special lotus shaped sweets.
They will also set out paper lanterns (提灯, chouchin) called mukaebi (迎え火) to guide the spirits back to their homes. Another custom is to carry the lanterns to the graves in order to call their ancestors back home.
Finally, after 3 days of celebration, spirits must be sent back to their grave. Once again, special lanterns will be lit, called “okuribi” (送り火). In some region, people will also float paper lanterns down the river.
A Celebration To Honor the Dead
Despite being an important custom in Japan, obon is not a national holiday. Many people will still take vacations in order to visit the graves of the family’s ancestors. The ritual is called ohakamairi (御墓参り) and consists into cleaning the graves with water to wash away any dirt or stains.
Bonodori: A Dance to Welcome The Dead
The bonodori is a spiritual dance to welcome the spirits. Every region has a local dance and a different music. Most of the time, the dancers are moving in a large circle around a yagura (櫓), a central platform where musicians play traditional instruments. Among the various styles, the most famous one is called awa odori and is performed in the street.
Besides, it’s summer! Why not go on to check out one of our blogs in which we go through some seasonal Japanese words for the Summer!
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