Japanese Holidays Vocabulary 1 – Cheat sheet

Interested in Holidays in Japan? Check out this cheat sheet to learn about the different holidays occurring from January to June! Holidays happen all year round in Japan, and in this blog, we have classified them accordingly to the different months they take place in.

As this cheat sheet includes holidays from the first half of the year, for those in the second half of the year please refer to cheat sheet two.

Holiday 休日(きゅうじつ) / 祝日(しゅくじつ)

1月 (いちがつ Ichigatsu)

Holidays in January

JapanesePronunciationMeaning
正月しょうがつ shōgatsuNew Years
成人の日せいじん ひ seijin no hiComing of Age Day

2月 (にがつ Nigatsu)

Holidays in February

JapanesePronunciationMeaning
節分せつぶん setsubunBeginning of spring
建国記念日けんこくきねんび kenkoku kinen biNational Foundation Day
天皇の誕生日てんのう たんじょうび tennō no tanjōbiEmperor’s Birthday

3月 (さんがつ Sangatsu)

Holidays in March

JapanesePronunciationMeaning
ひな祭りまつ hina matsuriDoll’s Festival
春分の日しゅんぶん ひ shunbun no hiSpring Equinox Day

4月 (しがつ Shigatsu)

Holiday in April

JapanesePronunciationMeaning
昭和の日しょうわ ひ shōwa no hiShowa Day

5月 (ごがつ Gogatsu)

Holidays in May

JapanesePronunciationMeaning
憲法記念日けんぽうきねんび kenpō kinen biConstitution Day
みどりの日ひ midori no hiGreenery Day
こどもの日ひ kodomo no hiChildren’s Day

6月 (ろくがつ Rokugatsu)

Month of June

There is no holiday in June. Instead, Japan experiences a long period of rainy weather, known as rainy season.

Japanese: 梅雨

Pronunciation: つ ゆ tsuyu

Meaning: Rainy Season

Example Sentences

Here are examples on how to use the vocabulary learnt in sentences!

Example 1:

By saying: ‘5月の上旬は祝日がたくさんあるため、ゴールデンウィークとも言われる。

Pronunciation: Gogatsu no jōjun wa shukujitsu ga takusan aru tame, gōruden wīku tomo iwareru.

It means: ‘Because the beginning of May has many holidays, it is also called Golden Week.’

Example 2:

By saying: ‘正月に食べる料理と言えば、お雑煮おせちだ。

Pronunciation: Shōgatsu ni taberu ryōri to ieba, ozōni to osechi da.

It means: ‘A common meal to eat on New Years is ozōni and osechi.’