How to Say “And” to List Reasons – JLPT N4 Grammar 〜し〜し
Unlike English, Japanese has multiple different ways to say the word “and” depending on its use in the sentence. For example it looks different when connecting actions, naming nouns, or listing reasons. In this article we are going to be looking at how to do the latter using 〜し〜し.
In Japanese, 〜し〜し is often used to list reasons and connect them together – much like how we use the word “and” in English.
We are going to look at how to use 〜し〜し so that you can start using it in your Japanaese conversations right away!
How to Use 〜し〜し to Say “And” When Listing Reasons
As some of you may know, から or だから is used in Japanese like the English “because”. However, if you are listing multiple reasons, you will need to use 〜し〜し. This functions like the word “and” to string reasons together, and implies that you are giving an explanation for something.
How it works is pretty simple: you list your reason and end it with 〜し, then you list another reason and end it with 〜し. You can keep going with as many reasons as you like!
For い adjectives, just use: short form + し (例：近いし)
For verbs, the form is usually: short form V + し (例：勉強ができるし)
You can also use ます form verbs with し but it is very polite and can sound strange. (例：勉強ができますし)
In most cases it is perfectly fine to just use short form.
For nouns and な adjectives, slap し on the end after だ (例：便利だし／言葉だし)
Like with the verbs, you can also use し with long form nouns and adjectives. Remember that this sounds very polite so you probably won’t need to use it very often in this way.
Example: “How is it working as a Japanese Teacher?”
In the video above, Nami-sensei gives her explanation for why she enjoys her work teaching Japanese. She says:
Nihongo wa omoshiroi shi, iro iro na kuni no gakusei ni aeru shi, watashi wa kono shigoto ga daisuki desu.
The Japanese language is very interesting, and I get to meet with students from a variety of different countries, that’s why I love my work.
In the example above, Nami-sensei uses both an い adjective and a verb. She uses 面白いし and 会えるし to give her reasons for why she loves her job.
There is no need to add anything else inbetween when listing your explanation besides し. It’s super easy and it works just like the English word “and” to give reasons!
Practice using 〜し〜し with your Japanese friends!
This JLPT N4 Grammar point is extremely simple and easy to use – so you can start using it right away in conversation with your Japanese friends!
Maybe something like this:
Shi no tsukai kata o saikin benkyou shita shi totemo kantan dashi tsukatemimasu!
I just learned how to use “Shi”, and it’s really easy, so I will try using it!
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