20 Must-Know JLPT N3 Grammar Points!

Posted by on December 4, 2019 – Japanese Study
must know JLPT N3 grammar

Preparing for the JLPT N3? In this blog, we will be covering 20 essential grammar points for the JLPT N3 test!

Here is the list of the 20 grammar points:

 

jlpt n3 grammar point 代わりに

代わりに

Grammar Point 1: 代わりに Kawari ni

This grammar point is used to express an alternative. It can be combined with a verb, い-adjective, な-adjective and noun!

 

jlpt n3 grammar point kiri きり

きり

Grammar Point 2: きり Kiri

This grammar point means ‘only’ or ‘just’, and is used with nouns.

 

jlpt n3 grammar point っけ

っけ

Grammar Point 3: っけ Kke

This grammar point is used during a conversation when the speaker is trying to recall some information. It is usually used when asking a question in order to confirm or affirm something.

 

jlpt n3 grammar point くらい ぐらい

くらい ぐらい

Grammar Point 4: くらい / ぐらい Kurai / Gurai

This grammar point is used to express an approximation of things and can also mean ‘to the extent of …’.

 

jlpt n3 grammar point くせに

くせに

Grammar Point 5: くせに Kuseni

This grammar point is often used to express blame, anger or criticism.

 

jlpt n3 grammar point ばかり

ばかり

Grammar Point 6: ばかり Bakari

This grammar point is often used to express shock, surprise or negative judgment. The meaning is not always negative and will usually depend on the context.

 

jlpt n3 grammar point べき

べき

Grammar Point 7: べき Beki

This grammar point is used to say something we should or must do. It can be used as べき or べきだ.

 

jlpt n3 grammar point だらけ

だらけ

Grammar Point 8: だらけ Darake

This grammar point means ‘full of’ or ‘covered with’, and is combined with nouns.

 

jlpt n3 grammar point ふりをする

ふりをする

Grammar Point 9: ふりをする Furi o suru

This grammar point is used when someone is pretending to be or acting as something that is not true.

 

jlpt n3 grammar point gatai がたい

がたい

Grammar Point 10: がたい Gatai

This grammar point is used to express something that is so difficult to do, it may even be impossible and cannot be done. It is used by combining with a verb-ます form. When adding this grammar point to the verb, be sure to remove ます at the back.

 

jlpt n3 grammar point まま

まま

Grammar Point 11: まま Mama

This grammar point expresses something as it is or that it has a lack of change.

 

jlpt n3 grammar point んだって

んだって

Grammar Point 12: んだって Ndatte

This grammar point is a quoting particle used in conversations to express what you have heard other people say.

 

jlpt n3 grammar point moraitai もらいたい

もらいたい

Grammar Point 13: もらいたい Moraitai

This grammar point is used to express a want or desire for something, usually when asking for favors. It can be used by combining it with a verb-て form.

 

jlpt n3 grammar point nazenara なぜなら

なぜなら

Grammar Point 14: なぜなら Nazenara

This grammar point is usually used in formal situations, to express a reason or cause for something.

 

jlpt n3 grammar point にかわって

にかわって

Grammar Point 15: にかわって Ni kawatte

This grammar point is usually used when someone is replacing someone, or doing something on behalf of someone. Do note that this can only be used with people and not with objects!

 

jlpt n3 grammar point らしい

らしい

Grammar Point 16: らしい Rashii

This grammar point is used to say ‘it seems like’, ‘I heard…’ or ”apparently…’.

 

jlpt n3 grammar point その結果

その結果

Grammar Point 17: その結果 Sono kekka

This grammar point is used to express the result of something.

 

jlpt n3 grammar point ことだ

ことだ

Grammar Point 18: ことだ Kotoda

This grammar point is used when giving advice or suggestions to someone. It can mean either ‘should’ or ‘should not’ depending on the context.

 

jlpt n3 grammar point しかない

しかない

Grammar Point 19: しかない Shikanai

This grammar point expresses that there is no choice but to do something. It can be used by adding it to verbs.

 

jlpt n3 grammar point たびに

たびに

Grammar Point 20: たびに Tabini

This grammar point means ‘every time’ or ‘whenever something happens’.

 

Interested in taking up an intensive Japanese course? Check out the link below for more details!

Last Updated on