20 Must-Know Grammar Points for the JLPT N4!

Posted by on January 17, 2020 – Japanese Study
jlpt n4 grammar points

Studying for the JLPT N4 test? In this blog, we will be covering 20 crucial grammar points that will help with your JLPT N4 revision!

Here is the list of the 20 grammar points:

 

jlpt n4 test grammar point だけで

だけで

1. だけで Dake de

This grammar point means just by, just by doing and with only. It can be used by combining with verbs or nouns.

 

jlpt n4 grammar point 後で

後で

2.あとで Ato de

This grammar point is used after a verb or noun to express something that has happened after the first action. Sometimes, で de can be removed and it will just be 後 ato.

 

jlpt n4 test grammar point 始める

始める

3.  Hajimeru

This grammar point is used to express when something is starting or has just begun.

 

jlpt n4 test grammar point はずだ

はずだ

4.  Hazu da

This grammar point emphasizes an expectation that something will take place or should be so. It also expresses a strong disbelief to anything that is said.

 

jlpt n4 test grammar point はずがない

はずがない

5.  Hazu ga nai

As compared to grammar point 4, this grammar point is used to emphasize strongly that something cannot be or is completely impossible.

 

jlpt n4 grammar point かしら

かしら

6.   Ka shira

This grammar point is mainly used by females and is used to ask a question or show that you are thinking about something.

 

jlpt n4 test grammar point かもしれない

かもしれない

7. かもしれない Kamo shirenai

This grammar point is used to indicate a possibility in something.

 

jlpt n4 test grammar point ことがある

ことがある

8. ことがある Koto ga aru

This grammar point is used with non-past tense verbs.

 

jlpt n4 test grammar point ことができる

ことができる

9. ことができる Koto ga dekiru

This grammar point is used to express something that can or is able to be done.

 

jlpt n4 test grammar point 急に

急に

10. 急に Kyuu ni

This grammar point is used to express something that has suddenly happened.

 

jlpt n4 test grammar point までに

までに

11. までに Made ni

This grammar point indicates a time limit or deadline.

 

jlpt n4 test grammar point ながら

ながら

12. ながら Nagara

This grammar point is used to express two actions that are happening simultaneously. It cannot be used with verbs related to time.

 

jlpt n4 grammar point なら

なら

13. なら Nara

This grammar point can be used to emphasize a certain topic or show trust in the other party.

 

jlpt n4 test grammar point にくい

にくい

14.   Nikui

This grammar point is used to say something that is difficult to do.

 

jlpt n4 test grammar point 終わる

終わる

15. 終わる Owaru

This grammar point is used to express something that has ended or finished. It can be used in present, past or future tense.

 

jlpt n4 test grammar point たばかり

たばかり

16. たばかり Ta bakari

This grammar point should be used after a verb in its casual past form. It can be used to express something that has just ended or something that has just started.

 

jlpt n4 test grammar point てあげる

てあげる

17. てあげる Te ageru

This grammar point is used to say that you are doing something or a favor for someone.

 

jlpt n4 test grammar point てほしい

てほしい

18. てほしい Te hoshii

This grammar point is used to ask someone to do something for you.

 

jlpt n4 test grammar point ていく

ていく

19.  Te iku

This grammar point means to start, to continue or to go on. It can be used by combining with verbs in the  form.

 

jlpt n4 test grammar point てみる

てみる

20. てみる Te miru

This grammar point is used to express that the speaker is trying to do something that is most likely a new experience.

 

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