Talking about Size, Length, Width and Depth in Japanese (Big, Small, Short, Long, Thin, Thick) Illustrated Guide

Are you looking for Japanese words that describe size, length, depth, width? What about drink sizes and meal sizes in Japanese? This blog covers vocabulary for discussing size in Japanese.

Posted by on July 30, 2019 – Japanese Study

In Japanese, just like in English – there are adjectives you can use to talk about how big or small something is.  These words are useful for situations where you are ordering food, drinks, or household items like furniture.

Below we have included a list of vocabulary words and several infographics that will teach you the words you need to describe size, length, width and more in Japanese.

【How to describe size, length, and width in Japanese】


大きい :  おおきい  ookii  Big

小さい : ちいさい  chiisai  Small

長い : ながい  nagai  Long (length)

短い : みじかい  mijikai  Short (length)

太い :  ふとい  futoi  Thick

細い : ほそい  hosoi  Thin


Meal Size, image, photo, picture, illustration

Meal Size

【Words for meal sizes in Japanese】


Small – 小 (shou), ミニ (mini), 半分 (hanbun), 少なめ(sukuname), S (エス)

Normal – 並 (nami), 普通 (futsuu), 中(chuu), M (エム)

Big – 大 (dai), 大盛り (oomori), 多め (oome), L (エル)

Extra Big – 特盛 (tokumori), 特大 (tokudai)

Extremely Big – バカ盛り (baka mori), メガ盛り (mega mori), 鬼盛 (oni mori), 激盛り (geki mori)


Drink Size, image, photo, picture, illustration

Drink Size

【Words for drink sizes in Japanese】


S – 小 (shou), S (esu), ショート(shōto), スモール (sumōru)

M – 中 (chuu), M (emu), レギュラー(Regyurā), ミディアム (Midiamu)

L – 大 (dai), L (eru), ラージ(raaji), トール (tooru)

XL– メガ(mega)、グランド (gurando)

Last Updated on