Japanese Essentials: Days of the Week & Months of the Year

Learning the Japanese days of the week and months of the year is one of the easiest lessons that you will have. Let’s start with the days of the week.

Posted by on November 15, 2017 – Japanese Study
days of the week

Learning the Japanese days of the week and months of the year is probably one of the easiest lessons that you will have. Let’s start with the days of the week.

The easiest thing to remember is that each day of the week ends with the kanji 曜日 and each day is represented by a different element of nature.

Japanese Days of the Week:

曜日げつようび: Monday (Moon)

曜日かようび: Tuesday (Fire)

曜日すいようび: Wednesday (Water)

曜日もくようび: Thursday (Wood)

曜日かんじ: Friday (Gold)

曜日どようび: Saturday (Earth)

曜日にちようび: Sunday (Sun)

Learning the months are even easier as once you know how to count from 1 to 12 you simply add the counter がつ (月) after the number.

Japanese Months of the Year:

1月いちがつ: January

2月にがつ: February

3月さんがつ: March

4月しがつ: April

5月ごがつ: May

6月ろくがつ: June

7月しちがつ: July

8月はちがつ: August

9月くがつ: September

10月じゅうがつ: October

11月じゅういちがつ: November

12月じゅうにがつ: December

Let’s finish the lesson with the days of the month. The counter is にち (日) and you can simply add the number of the day. There are a few exceptions that are marked in red that you should pay attention to.

Japanese Dates:

ついたち: 1st

ふつか: 2nd

みっか: 3rd

よっか: 4th

いつか: 5th

むいか: 6th

なのか: 7th

ようか: 8th

ここのか: 9th

とうか: 10th

じゅういちにち: 11th

じゅうににち: 12th

じゅうさんにち: 13th

じゅうよっか: 14th

じゅうごにち: 15th

じゅうろくにち: 16th

じゅうしちにち: 17th

じゅうはちにち: 18th

じゅうくにち: 19th

はつか: 20th

にじゅういちにち: 21st

にじゅうににち: 22nd

にじゅうさんにち: 23rd

にじゅうよっか: 24th

にじゅうごにち: 25th

にじゅうろくにち: 26th

にじゅうしちにち: 27th

にじゅうはちにち: 28th

にじゅうくにち: 29th

さんじゅうにち: 30th

さんじゅういちにち: 31st

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